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The Environment Development and the Environment: A Global Balance

The Environment Development and the Environment: A Global Balance »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1989

Volume/Issue: 26/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451951752

Keywords: environment, fossil fuels, carbon dioxide, global warming, environmental challenge

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

From Crisis to Sustainable Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

From Crisis to Sustainable Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1989

Volume/Issue: 26/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451951752

Keywords: environment, fossil fuels, carbon dioxide, global warming, environmental challenge

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices »

Source: Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Volume/Issue: 2015/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Aasim Husain , Rabah Arezki , Peter Breuer , Vikram Haksar , Thomas Helbling , Paulo Medas , and Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513532417

Keywords: Oil price, fuel taxes and subsidies, fiscal vulnerabilities, external vulnerabilities, exchange rate regime, oil, prices, price, oil prices, energy

The sharp drop in oil prices is one of the most important global economic developments over the past year. The SDN finds that (i) supply factors have played a somewhat larger role than demand factors in driving the...

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2015/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Aasim Husain , Rabah Arezki , Peter Breuer , Vikram Haksar , Thomas Helbling , Paulo Medas , and Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513532417.006

ISBN: 9781513532417

Keywords: Oil price, fuel taxes and subsidies, fiscal vulnerabilities, external vulnerabilities, exchange rate regime, oil, prices, price, oil prices, energy

The sharp drop in oil prices is one of the most important global economic developments over the past year. The SDN finds that (i) supply factors have played a somewhat larger role than demand factors in driving the...

Carbon Taxes
			: Their Macroeconomic Effects and Prospects for Global Adoption:  A Survey of the Literature

Carbon Taxes : Their Macroeconomic Effects and Prospects for Global Adoption: A Survey of the Literature »

Volume/Issue: 1998/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , and Javier Cuervo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849431.001

ISBN: 9781451849431

Keywords: carbon tax, climate change, double dividend, economic growth, greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, income distribution, international competitiveness, Kyoto protocol, carbon taxes

The carbon tax is a major instrument for curbing greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. Yet its adoption has been limited because of concerns over its effects on economic growth, income distribution, a...

Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through
			: Evidence from a New Global Retail Fuel Price Database

Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through : Evidence from a New Global Retail Fuel Price Database »

Volume/Issue: 2016/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , and Chadi Abdallah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563221.001

ISBN: 9781475563221

Keywords: Developed countries, Emerging markets, Europe, Gasoline prices, Fuels, Commodity price shocks, Price increases, Oil product prices, North Africa, Oil

This paper assesses the dynamic pass-through of crude oil price shocks to retail fuel prices using a novel database on monthly retail fuel prices for 162 countries. The impulse response functions suggest that on av...

Issues in Global Natural Gas
			: A Primer and Analysis

Issues in Global Natural Gas : A Primer and Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2002/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bright Okogu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845983.001

ISBN: 9781451845983

Keywords: LNG, pipeline, gas pricing, economic rent, user cost, transportation constraint, sales and purchase agreement, gas, gas market, gas trade

This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the conte...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies
			: A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies : A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Javier Arze del Granado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205325.001

ISBN: 9781455205325

Keywords: fuel subsidies, impact of subsidy reform, distribution of fuel consumption, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, fuel price, fuel consumption, Taxation, and Revenue: General

This paper reviews evidence on the impact of fuel subsidy reform on household welfare in developing countries. On average, the burden of subsidy reform is neutrally distributed across income groups; a $0.25 decreas...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited
			: Evidence for Developing Countries

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited : Evidence for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Valentina Flamini , and Louis Sears

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513501390.001

ISBN: 9781513501390

Keywords: Fuel subsidy reform, welfare impact, distribution, transport, fuel, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, Incidence, All Countries,

Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing...

Issues in Global Natural Gas

Issues in Global Natural Gas »

Source: Issues in Global Natural Gas : A Primer and Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2002/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bright Okogu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451845983

Keywords: LNG, pipeline, gas pricing, economic rent, user cost, transportation constraint, sales and purchase agreement, gas, gas market, gas trade

This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the conte...