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The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution »

Source: Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2002/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842050

Keywords: Financial crises, poverty line, incidence of poverty, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

Developing and transition economies are prone to financial crises, including balance of payments and banking crises. These crises affect poverty and the distribution of income through a variety of channels: slowdow...

Guinea
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Guinea : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2013/191

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566444.002

ISBN: 9781475566444

Keywords: social security, social services, basic social services, incidence of poverty, poverty reduction strategy

This paper on Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers on Guinea explains medium-term development framework to achieve Millennium Development Goals and fulfill the authorities' vision of Guinea as an emerging economy in 1...

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution »

Volume/Issue: 2002/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842050.001

ISBN: 9781451842050

Keywords: Financial crises, poverty line, incidence of poverty, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

Developing and transition economies are prone to financial crises, including balance of payments and banking crises. These crises affect poverty and the distribution of income through a variety of channels: slowdow...

Inclusive Growth and the Incidence  of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius
			: Much Progress, But More Could be Done

Inclusive Growth and the Incidence of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius : Much Progress, But More Could be Done »

Volume/Issue: 2013/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , and Martin Petri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323335.001

ISBN: 9781484323335

Keywords: Incidence of Public Expenditures, Incidence of Taxes, expenditures, expenditure, public expenditures, consumption expenditure, capital expenditures, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Incidence, General,

Using data from three household surveys, we review whether growth in Mauritius was inclusive and discuss the incidence of public expenditures and taxes. Generally, Mauritius enjoys an even income distribution and l...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis
			: A Suggested Framework

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis : A Suggested Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2003/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shahabuddin Hossain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859935.001

ISBN: 9781451859935

Keywords: Poverty and social impact analysis, incidence analysis, computable general-equilibrium models, equivalent variation, effective taxes, linear expenditure system, value-added tax, expenditure, household groups, distributional impact

Following the adoption by the international community of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) approach, which provides the basis for concessional lending by the multilateral institutions, there has been a re...

Poverty in a Wealthy Economy
			: The Case of Nigeria

Poverty in a Wealthy Economy : The Case of Nigeria »

Volume/Issue: 2002/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sudharshan Canagarajah , and Saji Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853803.001

ISBN: 9781451853803

Keywords: Targeting, poverty line, changes in poverty, per capita expenditure, incidence of poverty, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper describes the nature and evolution of poverty in Nigeria between 1985 and 1992. It highlights the potential wealth of the Nigerian economy and examines how the economic policies pursued in the 1980s and...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education
			: Causes and Consequences

The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875027.001

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies
			: A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies : A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Javier Arze del Granado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205325.001

ISBN: 9781455205325

Keywords: fuel subsidies, impact of subsidy reform, distribution of fuel consumption, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, fuel price, fuel consumption, Taxation, and Revenue: General

This paper reviews evidence on the impact of fuel subsidy reform on household welfare in developing countries. On average, the burden of subsidy reform is neutrally distributed across income groups; a $0.25 decreas...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited
			: Evidence for Developing Countries

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited : Evidence for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Valentina Flamini , and Louis Sears

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513501390.001

ISBN: 9781513501390

Keywords: Fuel subsidy reform, welfare impact, distribution, transport, fuel, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, Incidence, All Countries,

Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing...