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An Approach to the Estimation of Inequality in Reserve Distribution

An Approach to the Estimation of Inequality in Reserve Distribution »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 21 No. 3

Volume: XXI

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1974

ISBN: 9781451969344

Keywords: reserve currency, reserve currencies, sdr allocations, sdr holdings

This paper constructs three simple model of the financial effects on countries in different situations of the various arrangements regarding reserve supply that were discussed during the recent negotiations on refo...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

Central and Commercial Bank Balance Sheet Risk Before, During, and After the Global Financial Crisis

Central and Commercial Bank Balance Sheet Risk Before, During, and After the Global Financial Crisis »

Source: Central and Commercial Bank Balance Sheet Risk Before, During, and After the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2015/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Crowley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2015

ISBN: 9781475564273

Keywords: Asset growth, currency composition, balance sheet composition, currency, liabilities, exchange, exchange rates, balance sheets, Portfolio Choice,

This paper presents an overview of exposures in the balance sheets of central banks, banks, and other depository institutions during the past decade, with emphasis on asset growth and currency composition. It explo...

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

Swaziland is highly interconnected with South Africa and with the global economy. As the global economy faces higher risks of adverse shocks, Swaziland may be affected by spillover effects. These shocks woul...

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean »

Source: Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Ötker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484322154

Keywords: Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Economic growth, Economic integration, Financial analysis, Inclusive growth, International financial cooperation, International financial markets, Regional integration, Financial integration

Since attaining independence in the 1960s and 1970s, Caribbean countries have registered strong economic and social outcomes. Per capita incomes have risen, with most Caribbean countries now in the top 25 pe...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment
			: Options for Swaziland

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589412.087

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The Kingdom of Swaziland (hereinafter 'Swaziland') is a small, open economy bordering Mozambique and South Africa with a population of 1.1 million people. It is a landlocked country with an economy heavily dependen...

The Global Financial Crisis and Adjustment to Shocks in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda
			: A Balance Sheet Analysis Perspective

The Global Financial Crisis and Adjustment to Shocks in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda : A Balance Sheet Analysis Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2009/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Iyabo Masha

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462360628.087

ISBN: 9781462360628

Keywords: Banking sector, foreign currency, financial derivatives, domestic currency, foreign exchange, banking

This paper analyzes the impact of the global financial crisis on the banking systems in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, and their responses to it, using information from banking system balance sheets. The paper undert...

Europe and Global Imbalances

Europe and Global Imbalances »

Source: Europe and Global Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2007/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867084

Keywords: external assets and liabilities, current account, foreign assets, net foreign assets, currency composition,

Although Europe in the aggregate is a not a major contributor to global current account imbalances, its trade and financial linkages with the rest of the world mean that it will still be affected by a shift in the...

Global Banks' Dollar Funding: A Source of Financial Vulnerability

Global Banks' Dollar Funding: A Source of Financial Vulnerability »

Source: Global Banks' Dollar Funding: A Source of Financial Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2020/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Andrea Deghi , Claudio Raddatz , Dulani Seneviratne , Peichu Xie , and Yizhi Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513549149

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, Financial institutions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial systems, US dollar funding, financial stability risks, cross-currency basis, global banks, international liquidity

Leading up to the global financial crisis, US dollar activity by global banks headquartered outside the United States played a crucial role in transmitting shocks originating in funding markets. Although post-crisi...